Let's start with a visual impulse from the movie-industry:
This excerpt of the movie Blade Runner by Ridley Scott in 1982 shows, long time before the term became representative for a whole genre and subculture, some main features of what is referred to as cyber recently. But let us start with a short view into history.
1. Short History of CyberArt
The movie Blade Runner and the novel Neuromancer by William Gibson (1984) are considered as the earliest sources of cyber, be it cyber culture, art or the genre or subculture Cyberpunk itself.
Early influences came
from literature sources, for example the novel Do Androids Dream of
Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick, which has been the model for Blade
Runner and other literary works from the 1960ies up to 1980. The topics
were dystopic science fiction-environments, controlled by corporatist
governments, which use the hightech only for monitoring and tuning of
living organisms, who have lost completely their independency and their
safety. Protagonists of cyberpunk narratives are often the losers of this
development, adventurers, who fight against the power of the mighty companies,
often also as computer-hackers.